Justin  Kelli Jr.
Create your FREE profile now!

Join the discussion with physicians and researchers around the globe - sign up for your free Cureus account today.


Ativan is a brand name for lorazepam, a medication belonging to the benzodiazepine class. It is primarily prescribed to treat anxiety disorders, insomnia, and certain seizure disorders. Ativan works by enhancing the effects of a neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain, leading to a calming effect on the central nervous system. It is available in various formulations, including tablets, oral solutions, and injections. Ativan is generally prescribed for short-term use due to the risk of tolerance, dependence, and withdrawal symptoms with prolonged use. Common side effects may include drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, and confusion. It is important to use Ativan exactly as prescribed by a healthcare professional and to avoid abrupt discontinuation to prevent withdrawal symptoms.