HETEROGENEITY OF THE EFFECTOR CELLS IN THE CYTOTOXIC REACTION AGAINST ALLOGENEIC LYMPHOMA CELLS
The cytotoxic effect of spleen cells from H-2 allogeneic mice was tested in vitro against an A strain leukemia (YAC) labeled with [125I]iododeoxyuridine. After the mice were primed with tumor cells, significant and specific H-2 immunity was detected on day 3 and peak cytotoxicity was observed between 7 and 14 days after priming. Two effector cells appear to be involved in the host response, because spleens taken from mice soon after priming were not sensitive to antitheta sera and complement while those taken during the peak stages of the response showed a marked reduction in cytotoxicity after treatment. Macrophages were not involved, since removal of these cells by the carbonyl iron method did not result in any reduction in cytotoxicity. Immune serum that was capable of inducing cell-mediated cytotoxicity in normal spleen cell populations also augmented cytotoxicity of spleen cells taken from mice primed 3 days previously. However, when spleen cells were taken from mice during the peak phase of the immune response, the same serum at the same dilutions inhibited the preexisting cytotoxicity. A difference was also detected in the killing efficiencies between early and late immune cells.