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Case report
peer-reviewed

Preoperative Embolization in Tandem with Surgical Resection for Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations



Abstract

A number of treatment options are available for cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) including surgical resection, stereotactic radiosurgery, and endovascular embolization. Endovascular embolization may be used pre-operatively to reduce the size of large AVMs and thus reduce surgical complications. Here we present two patients who successfully underwent preoperative embolization of their AVMs and subsequent surgery. Preoperative embolization is a viable option for AVMs to reduce complications and improve patient outcomes.



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Case report
peer-reviewed

Preoperative Embolization in Tandem with Surgical Resection for Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations


Author Information

Richa Thakur Corresponding Author

Texas A&M College of Medicine

Ali S. Haider

Texas A&M College of Medicine

Health Science Center, Scott & White Clinic

Ashley Thomas

Texas A&m School of Medicine

Steven Vayalumkal

School of Medicine, St. George's University

Umair Khan

School of Medicine, St. George's University

Tijani Osumah

Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic

School of Medicine, Ross University

Kyle Doughty

Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor University Medical Center

Sam Finn

HSS Management

Kennith F. Layton

Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center


Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Human subjects: Consent was obtained by all participants in this study. Conflicts of interest: In compliance with the ICMJE uniform disclosure form, all authors declare the following: Payment/services info: All authors have declared that no financial support was received from any organization for the submitted work. Financial relationships: All authors have declared that they have no financial relationships at present or within the previous three years with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work. Other relationships: All authors have declared that there are no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.


Case report
peer-reviewed

Preoperative Embolization in Tandem with Surgical Resection for Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations


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Case report
peer-reviewed

Preoperative Embolization in Tandem with Surgical Resection for Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations

  • Author Information
    Richa Thakur Corresponding Author

    Texas A&M College of Medicine

    Ali S. Haider

    Texas A&M College of Medicine

    Health Science Center, Scott & White Clinic

    Ashley Thomas

    Texas A&m School of Medicine

    Steven Vayalumkal

    School of Medicine, St. George's University

    Umair Khan

    School of Medicine, St. George's University

    Tijani Osumah

    Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic

    School of Medicine, Ross University

    Kyle Doughty

    Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor University Medical Center

    Sam Finn

    HSS Management

    Kennith F. Layton

    Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center


    Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

    Human subjects: Consent was obtained by all participants in this study. Conflicts of interest: In compliance with the ICMJE uniform disclosure form, all authors declare the following: Payment/services info: All authors have declared that no financial support was received from any organization for the submitted work. Financial relationships: All authors have declared that they have no financial relationships at present or within the previous three years with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work. Other relationships: All authors have declared that there are no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.

    Acknowledgements


    Article Information

    Published: January 08, 2018

    DOI

    10.7759/cureus.2042

    Cite this article as:

    Thakur R, Haider A S, Thomas A, et al. (January 08, 2018) Preoperative Embolization in Tandem with Surgical Resection for Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations. Cureus 10(1): e2042. doi:10.7759/cureus.2042

    Publication history

    Received by Cureus: September 04, 2017
    Peer review began: December 28, 2017
    Peer review concluded: January 03, 2018
    Published: January 08, 2018

    Copyright

    © Copyright 2018
    Thakur et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    License

    This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

A number of treatment options are available for cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) including surgical resection, stereotactic radiosurgery, and endovascular embolization. Endovascular embolization may be used pre-operatively to reduce the size of large AVMs and thus reduce surgical complications. Here we present two patients who successfully underwent preoperative embolization of their AVMs and subsequent surgery. Preoperative embolization is a viable option for AVMs to reduce complications and improve patient outcomes.



Want to read more?

Create a free account to continue reading this article.

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Richa Thakur, Medical Student

Texas A&M College of Medicine

For correspondence:
rthakur@medicine.tamhsc.edu

Ali S. Haider

Texas A&M College of Medicine

Ashley Thomas

Texas A&m School of Medicine

Steven Vayalumkal

School of Medicine, St. George's University

Umair Khan, Medical Student

School of Medicine, St. George's University

Tijani Osumah, Medical Student

Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic

Kyle Doughty

Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor University Medical Center

Sam Finn

HSS Management

Kennith F. Layton

Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center

Richa Thakur, Medical Student

Texas A&M College of Medicine

For correspondence:
rthakur@medicine.tamhsc.edu

Ali S. Haider

Texas A&M College of Medicine

Ashley Thomas

Texas A&m School of Medicine

Steven Vayalumkal

School of Medicine, St. George's University

Umair Khan, Medical Student

School of Medicine, St. George's University

Tijani Osumah, Medical Student

Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic

Kyle Doughty

Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor University Medical Center

Sam Finn

HSS Management

Kennith F. Layton

Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center