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Original article
peer-reviewed

Characterization of Eyeball Loss in Four Cities of Colombia



Abstract

Purpose: Describe the socio-demographic characteristics of anophthalmic patients examined at specialized centers of four cities in Colombia to know the different causes of eyeball loss.

Method: A transversal retrospective study was done of 511 medical records from the specialized practices of four cities in Colombia. Socio-demographic data of patients who were seen between January 2011 and December 2013 were compiled. SOFA Statistics software v1.4.6 was used for this analysis. An analysis throughout the measures of central tendency for numerical variables was developed, and the descriptive statistics were used for the categorical variables.

Results: Almost 63% of the data belonged to male patients. Eyeball loss was more frequent in patients over 40 years of age. Fifty-one percent of the patients suffered eyeball loss due to traumatic causes, 40.2% due to pathological causes, and 4.6% due to congenital anomalies. The most frequent specific causes were glaucoma (19%), ocular cancer (15.4%), and home accidents (11,2%). Around 60% of the anophthalmic patients belonged to low socioeconomic level.

Conclusions: It is important to highlight that more than half of the analyzed anophthalmia cases originated in some type of trauma; this means that they could be considered potentially avoidable losses. Complications deriving from glaucoma became the most frequent cause of anophthalmia in the pathological origin group, which suggests a reflection regarding the strategies of early detection of the disease and access to proper treatment. It is also showed the need to develop an efficient system to manage information.



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Original article
peer-reviewed

Characterization of Eyeball Loss in Four Cities of Colombia


Author Information

F. Hernán Moreno-Caviedes Corresponding Author

School of Optometry, Fundación Universitaria Del Área Andina (colombia)

Fellow, Asoprot

Nórida Velez Cuellar

Epidemiology, Universidad El Bosque (colombia)

Margarita Caicedo Zapata

Universidad De La Salle (colombia), Fellow Asoprot

Gabriel Triana Reina

Universidad De La Salle (colombia), Fellow Asoprot

Azucena Sánchez

Universidad De La Salle (colombia), Fellow Asoprot


Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Human subjects: Consent was obtained by all participants in this study. Animal subjects: All authors have confirmed that this study did not involve animal subjects or tissue. Conflicts of interest: In compliance with the ICMJE uniform disclosure form, all authors declare the following: Payment/services info: All authors have declared that no financial support was received from any organization for the submitted work. Financial relationships: All authors have declared that they have no financial relationships at present or within the previous three years with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work. Other relationships: All authors have declared that there are no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.

Acknowledgements

To the health professionals who provided access to medical records for developing this paper


Original article
peer-reviewed

Characterization of Eyeball Loss in Four Cities of Colombia


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Original article
peer-reviewed

Characterization of Eyeball Loss in Four Cities of Colombia

F. Hernán Moreno-Caviedes">F. Hernán Moreno-Caviedes , Nórida Velez Cuellar">Nórida Velez Cuellar, Margarita Caicedo Zapata">Margarita Caicedo Zapata, Gabriel Triana Reina">Gabriel Triana Reina, Azucena Sánchez">Azucena Sánchez

  • Author Information
    F. Hernán Moreno-Caviedes Corresponding Author

    School of Optometry, Fundación Universitaria Del Área Andina (colombia)

    Fellow, Asoprot

    Nórida Velez Cuellar

    Epidemiology, Universidad El Bosque (colombia)

    Margarita Caicedo Zapata

    Universidad De La Salle (colombia), Fellow Asoprot

    Gabriel Triana Reina

    Universidad De La Salle (colombia), Fellow Asoprot

    Azucena Sánchez

    Universidad De La Salle (colombia), Fellow Asoprot


    Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

    Human subjects: Consent was obtained by all participants in this study. Animal subjects: All authors have confirmed that this study did not involve animal subjects or tissue. Conflicts of interest: In compliance with the ICMJE uniform disclosure form, all authors declare the following: Payment/services info: All authors have declared that no financial support was received from any organization for the submitted work. Financial relationships: All authors have declared that they have no financial relationships at present or within the previous three years with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work. Other relationships: All authors have declared that there are no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.

    Acknowledgements

    To the health professionals who provided access to medical records for developing this paper


    Article Information

    Published: September 11, 2017

    DOI

    10.7759/cureus.1677

    Cite this article as:

    Moreno-caviedes F, Velez cuellar N, Caicedo zapata M, et al. (September 11, 2017) Characterization of Eyeball Loss in Four Cities of Colombia. Cureus 9(9): e1677. doi:10.7759/cureus.1677

    Publication history

    Received by Cureus: August 19, 2017
    Peer review began: August 29, 2017
    Peer review concluded: September 08, 2017
    Published: September 11, 2017

    Copyright

    © Copyright 2017
    Moreno-Caviedes et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    License

    This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Purpose: Describe the socio-demographic characteristics of anophthalmic patients examined at specialized centers of four cities in Colombia to know the different causes of eyeball loss.

Method: A transversal retrospective study was done of 511 medical records from the specialized practices of four cities in Colombia. Socio-demographic data of patients who were seen between January 2011 and December 2013 were compiled. SOFA Statistics software v1.4.6 was used for this analysis. An analysis throughout the measures of central tendency for numerical variables was developed, and the descriptive statistics were used for the categorical variables.

Results: Almost 63% of the data belonged to male patients. Eyeball loss was more frequent in patients over 40 years of age. Fifty-one percent of the patients suffered eyeball loss due to traumatic causes, 40.2% due to pathological causes, and 4.6% due to congenital anomalies. The most frequent specific causes were glaucoma (19%), ocular cancer (15.4%), and home accidents (11,2%). Around 60% of the anophthalmic patients belonged to low socioeconomic level.

Conclusions: It is important to highlight that more than half of the analyzed anophthalmia cases originated in some type of trauma; this means that they could be considered potentially avoidable losses. Complications deriving from glaucoma became the most frequent cause of anophthalmia in the pathological origin group, which suggests a reflection regarding the strategies of early detection of the disease and access to proper treatment. It is also showed the need to develop an efficient system to manage information.



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F. Hernán Moreno-Caviedes, Professor, Fellow Physician

School of Optometry, Fundación Universitaria Del Área Andina (colombia)

For correspondence:
info@bioprot.com.co

Nórida Velez Cuellar

Epidemiology, Universidad El Bosque (colombia)

Margarita Caicedo Zapata

Universidad De La Salle (colombia), Fellow Asoprot

Gabriel Triana Reina

Universidad De La Salle (colombia), Fellow Asoprot

Azucena Sánchez

Universidad De La Salle (colombia), Fellow Asoprot

F. Hernán Moreno-Caviedes, Professor, Fellow Physician

School of Optometry, Fundación Universitaria Del Área Andina (colombia)

For correspondence:
info@bioprot.com.co

Nórida Velez Cuellar

Epidemiology, Universidad El Bosque (colombia)

Margarita Caicedo Zapata

Universidad De La Salle (colombia), Fellow Asoprot

Gabriel Triana Reina

Universidad De La Salle (colombia), Fellow Asoprot

Azucena Sánchez

Universidad De La Salle (colombia), Fellow Asoprot