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Case report
peer-reviewed

Intracranial Ischemic Infarct Due to Blunt Force Trauma in a High School Football Player



Abstract

Ischemic stroke is an uncommon cause of death among teenagers and young adults; however, the etiologies differ when compared to ischemic strokes in older individuals. Large-vessel atherosclerosis and small-vessel disease causing ischemic stroke are rare for the teenage population, while cervicocerebral arterial dissections account for up to 20% of ischemic strokes. Here, we present the case of a 16-year-old male who developed internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) after a head injury and subsequently developed ischemic stroke and seizures.



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Case report
peer-reviewed

Intracranial Ischemic Infarct Due to Blunt Force Trauma in a High School Football Player


Author Information

Brandon I. Esianor

Otolaryngology, Mcgovern Medical School

Ali S. Haider

Neurosurgery, Texas A&M College of Medicine

Margaret I. Engelhardt

Otolaryngology, Mcgovern Medical School

Tijani Osumah

School of Medicine, Ross University

Steven Vayalumkal Corresponding Author

School of Medicine, St. George's University

Richa Thakur

Texas A&M College of Medicine

Dean Leonard

Texas A&M College of Medicine

Jeffrey Haithcock

Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center

Kennith F. Layton

Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center


Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Human subjects: Consent was obtained by all participants in this study. Conflicts of interest: In compliance with the ICMJE uniform disclosure form, all authors declare the following: Payment/services info: All authors have declared that no financial support was received from any organization for the submitted work. Financial relationships: All authors have declared that they have no financial relationships at present or within the previous three years with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work. Other relationships: All authors have declared that there are no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.


Case report
peer-reviewed

Intracranial Ischemic Infarct Due to Blunt Force Trauma in a High School Football Player


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Case report
peer-reviewed

Intracranial Ischemic Infarct Due to Blunt Force Trauma in a High School Football Player

Brandon I. Esianor">Brandon I. Esianor, Ali S. Haider">Ali S. Haider, Margaret I. Engelhardt">Margaret I. Engelhardt, Tijani Osumah">Tijani Osumah, Steven Vayalumkal">Steven Vayalumkal , Richa Thakur">Richa Thakur, Dean Leonard">Dean Leonard, Jeffrey Haithcock">Jeffrey Haithcock, Kennith F. Layton">Kennith F. Layton

  • Author Information
    Brandon I. Esianor

    Otolaryngology, Mcgovern Medical School

    Ali S. Haider

    Neurosurgery, Texas A&M College of Medicine

    Margaret I. Engelhardt

    Otolaryngology, Mcgovern Medical School

    Tijani Osumah

    School of Medicine, Ross University

    Steven Vayalumkal Corresponding Author

    School of Medicine, St. George's University

    Richa Thakur

    Texas A&M College of Medicine

    Dean Leonard

    Texas A&M College of Medicine

    Jeffrey Haithcock

    Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center

    Kennith F. Layton

    Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center


    Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

    Human subjects: Consent was obtained by all participants in this study. Conflicts of interest: In compliance with the ICMJE uniform disclosure form, all authors declare the following: Payment/services info: All authors have declared that no financial support was received from any organization for the submitted work. Financial relationships: All authors have declared that they have no financial relationships at present or within the previous three years with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work. Other relationships: All authors have declared that there are no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.

    Acknowledgements


    Article Information

    Published: September 07, 2017

    DOI

    10.7759/cureus.1659

    Cite this article as:

    Esianor B I, Haider A S, Engelhardt M I, et al. (September 07, 2017) Intracranial Ischemic Infarct Due to Blunt Force Trauma in a High School Football Player. Cureus 9(9): e1659. doi:10.7759/cureus.1659

    Publication history

    Received by Cureus: July 29, 2017
    Peer review began: August 25, 2017
    Peer review concluded: September 02, 2017
    Published: September 07, 2017

    Copyright

    © Copyright 2017
    Esianor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    License

    This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Ischemic stroke is an uncommon cause of death among teenagers and young adults; however, the etiologies differ when compared to ischemic strokes in older individuals. Large-vessel atherosclerosis and small-vessel disease causing ischemic stroke are rare for the teenage population, while cervicocerebral arterial dissections account for up to 20% of ischemic strokes. Here, we present the case of a 16-year-old male who developed internal carotid artery dissection (ICAD) after a head injury and subsequently developed ischemic stroke and seizures.



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Create a free account to continue reading this article.

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Brandon I. Esianor, Medical Student

Otolaryngology, Mcgovern Medical School

Ali S. Haider

Neurosurgery, Texas A&M College of Medicine

Margaret I. Engelhardt, Medical Student

Otolaryngology, Mcgovern Medical School

Tijani Osumah, Medical Student

School of Medicine, Ross University

Steven Vayalumkal

School of Medicine, St. George's University

For correspondence:
svayalumkal999@gmail.com

Richa Thakur, Medical Student

Texas A&M College of Medicine

Dean Leonard

Texas A&M College of Medicine

Jeffrey Haithcock

Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center

Kennith F. Layton

Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center

Brandon I. Esianor, Medical Student

Otolaryngology, Mcgovern Medical School

Ali S. Haider

Neurosurgery, Texas A&M College of Medicine

Margaret I. Engelhardt, Medical Student

Otolaryngology, Mcgovern Medical School

Tijani Osumah, Medical Student

School of Medicine, Ross University

Steven Vayalumkal

School of Medicine, St. George's University

For correspondence:
svayalumkal999@gmail.com

Richa Thakur, Medical Student

Texas A&M College of Medicine

Dean Leonard

Texas A&M College of Medicine

Jeffrey Haithcock

Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center

Kennith F. Layton

Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center