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Review article
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Does Vitamin D Deficiency Lead to Hypertension?



Abstract

Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure is one of the most chronic and deadliest disorders in the world. There are many risk factors responsible for HTN which include age, race, using tobacco, high salt intake, etc. One of the risk factors we would like to highlight is low vitamin D levels. While there is strong evidence that Vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining bone and muscle health, there has been recent debate regarding its role in hypertension. However, there are many studies that have shown an indirect relation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D serum level and blood pressure. However, we suggest that more studies, especially randomised trials, should be conducted.



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Review article
peer-reviewed

Does Vitamin D Deficiency Lead to Hypertension?


Author Information

Varshil Mehta Corresponding Author

Department of Internal Medicine, MGM Medical College, Navi Mumbai, India

Department of Cardiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, USA

Editorial Board Member, Cureus

Shivika Agarwal

Department of Forensic Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Faridabad, India


Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Conflicts of interest: In compliance with the ICMJE uniform disclosure form, all authors declare the following: Payment/services info: All authors have declared that no financial support was received from any organization for the submitted work. Financial relationships: All authors have declared that they have no financial relationships at present or within the previous three years with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work. Other relationships: All authors have declared that there are no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.


Review article
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Does Vitamin D Deficiency Lead to Hypertension?


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Does Vitamin D Deficiency Lead to Hypertension?

Varshil Mehta">Varshil Mehta , Shivika Agarwal">Shivika Agarwal

  • Author Information
    Varshil Mehta Corresponding Author

    Department of Internal Medicine, MGM Medical College, Navi Mumbai, India

    Department of Cardiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, USA

    Editorial Board Member, Cureus

    Shivika Agarwal

    Department of Forensic Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Faridabad, India


    Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

    Conflicts of interest: In compliance with the ICMJE uniform disclosure form, all authors declare the following: Payment/services info: All authors have declared that no financial support was received from any organization for the submitted work. Financial relationships: All authors have declared that they have no financial relationships at present or within the previous three years with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work. Other relationships: All authors have declared that there are no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.

    Acknowledgements


    Article Information

    Published: February 17, 2017

    DOI

    10.7759/cureus.1038

    Cite this article as:

    Mehta V, Agarwal S (February 17, 2017) Does Vitamin D Deficiency Lead to Hypertension?. Cureus 9(2): e1038. doi:10.7759/cureus.1038

    Publication history

    Received by Cureus: January 08, 2017
    Peer review began: February 08, 2017
    Peer review concluded: February 08, 2017
    Published: February 17, 2017

    Copyright

    © Copyright 2017
    Mehta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    License

    This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure is one of the most chronic and deadliest disorders in the world. There are many risk factors responsible for HTN which include age, race, using tobacco, high salt intake, etc. One of the risk factors we would like to highlight is low vitamin D levels. While there is strong evidence that Vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining bone and muscle health, there has been recent debate regarding its role in hypertension. However, there are many studies that have shown an indirect relation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D serum level and blood pressure. However, we suggest that more studies, especially randomised trials, should be conducted.



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Create a free account to continue reading this article.

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Varshil Mehta

Department of Internal Medicine, MGM Medical College, Navi Mumbai, India

For correspondence:
varshil91@gmail.com

Shivika Agarwal

Department of Forensic Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Faridabad, India

Varshil Mehta

Department of Internal Medicine, MGM Medical College, Navi Mumbai, India

For correspondence:
varshil91@gmail.com

Shivika Agarwal

Department of Forensic Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Faridabad, India