### Abstract

This paper is a supplement to "The Origin of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery" [1] and "The Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery" [2]. It clarifies the early history of the N-localizer and presents further details of the mathematics of the N-localizer.

### Related articles

#### The History and Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery

###### Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

**Human subjects:** This study did not involve human participants or tissue. **Animal subjects:** This study did not involve animal subjects or tissue. **Conflicts of interest:** The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

### Article Information

###### DOI

10.7759/cureus.156

###### Cite this article as:

Brown R A, Nelson J A. (January 16, 2014) The History and Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery. Cureus 6(1): e156. doi:10.7759/cureus.156

###### Publication history

Received by Cureus: December 28, 2013

Peer review began: December 30, 2013

Published: January 16, 2014

###### Copyright

**© Copyright **2014

Brown et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

###### License

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

#### The History and Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery

### Figures etc.

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**Retracted:**
The History and Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery

### Abstract

This paper is a supplement to "The Origin of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery" [1] and "The Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery" [2]. It clarifies the early history of the N-localizer and presents further details of the mathematics of the N-localizer.