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Technical report
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Retracted: The History and Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery



Abstract

This paper is a supplement to "The Origin of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery" [1] and "The Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery" [2].  It clarifies the early history of the N-localizer and presents further details of the mathematics of the N-localizer.



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Technical report
peer-reviewed

The History and Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery


Author Information

Russell A. Brown Corresponding Author

Principal Engineer, A9.com

James A. Nelson

University of Washington School of Medicine


Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Human subjects: This study did not involve human participants or tissue. Animal subjects: This study did not involve animal subjects or tissue. Conflicts of interest: The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.


Technical report
peer-reviewed

The History and Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery


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Technical report
peer-reviewed

Retracted: The History and Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery

  • Author Information
    Russell A. Brown Corresponding Author

    Principal Engineer, A9.com

    James A. Nelson

    University of Washington School of Medicine


    Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

    Human subjects: This study did not involve human participants or tissue. Animal subjects: This study did not involve animal subjects or tissue. Conflicts of interest: The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

    Acknowledgements


    Article Information

    Published: January 16, 2014

    DOI

    10.7759/cureus.156

    Cite this article as:

    Brown R A, Nelson J A. (January 16, 2014) The History and Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery. Cureus 6(1): e156. doi:10.7759/cureus.156

    Publication history

    Received by Cureus: December 28, 2013
    Peer review began: December 30, 2013
    Published: January 16, 2014

    Copyright

    © Copyright 2014
    Brown et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    License

    This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

This paper is a supplement to "The Origin of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery" [1] and "The Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery" [2].  It clarifies the early history of the N-localizer and presents further details of the mathematics of the N-localizer.



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Create a free account to continue reading this article.

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Russell A. Brown, M.D., Ph.D.

Principal Engineer, A9.com

For correspondence:
russ.brown@yahoo.com

James A. Nelson, M.D.

University of Washington School of Medicine

Russell A. Brown, M.D., Ph.D.

Principal Engineer, A9.com

For correspondence:
russ.brown@yahoo.com

James A. Nelson, M.D.

University of Washington School of Medicine