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Technical report
peer-reviewed

Retracted: The Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery



Abstract

The N-localizer enjoys widespread use in image-guided stereotactic neurosurgery and radiosurgery.  This paper derives the mathematical equations that are used with the N-localizer and provides analogies and explanations in order to promote an intuitive understanding of the mathematical principles.



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Technical report
peer-reviewed

The Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery


Author Information

Russell A. Brown Corresponding Author

Principal Engineer, A9.com


Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Human subjects: This study did not involve human participants or tissue. Animal subjects: This study did not involve animal subjects or tissue. Conflicts of interest: The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.


Technical report
peer-reviewed

The Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery


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Technical report
peer-reviewed

Retracted: The Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery

  • Author Information
    Russell A. Brown Corresponding Author

    Principal Engineer, A9.com


    Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

    Human subjects: This study did not involve human participants or tissue. Animal subjects: This study did not involve animal subjects or tissue. Conflicts of interest: The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

    Acknowledgements


    Article Information

    Published: October 25, 2013

    DOI

    10.7759/cureus.142

    Cite this article as:

    Brown R A (October 25, 2013) The Mathematics of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery. Cureus 5(10): e142. doi:10.7759/cureus.142

    Publication history

    Received by Cureus: October 13, 2013
    Peer review began: October 21, 2013
    Published: October 25, 2013

    Copyright

    © Copyright 2013
    Brown. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    License

    This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The N-localizer enjoys widespread use in image-guided stereotactic neurosurgery and radiosurgery.  This paper derives the mathematical equations that are used with the N-localizer and provides analogies and explanations in order to promote an intuitive understanding of the mathematical principles.



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Create a free account to continue reading this article.

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Russell A. Brown, M.D., Ph.D.

Principal Engineer, A9.com

For correspondence:
russ.brown@yahoo.com

Russell A. Brown, M.D., Ph.D.

Principal Engineer, A9.com

For correspondence:
russ.brown@yahoo.com