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Review article
peer-reviewed

Imaging Characteristics of Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas Involving the Vein of Galen: A Comprehensive Review



Abstract

Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) is a rare angiopathy, which most commonly presents in infancy. Although very rare, it is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. In order to minimize such morbid rates, a prompt diagnosis followed by a timely initiation of management is crucial. Multiple antenatal and postnatal imaging techniques for the diagnosis have been described and discussed in the literature. However, to our knowledge, a comprehensive review exploring such a list of imaging options for VGAM has never been established. We aim to review the diagnostic tools to aid in better understanding of the investigative modalities physicians may choose from when treating patients with a VGAM.



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Review article
peer-reviewed

Imaging Characteristics of Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas Involving the Vein of Galen: A Comprehensive Review


Author Information

Mohammad W. Kassem

Clinical Anatomy Research, Seattle Science Foundation

Research Fellow, St. George's University School of Medicine, Grenada, West Indies

Paul J. Choi Corresponding Author

Clinical Anatomy, Seattle Science Foundation

Joe Iwanaga

Seattle Science Foundation

Martin M. Mortazavi

California Institute of Neuroscience, Los Robles Hospital and Medical Center

R. Shane Tubbs

Neurosurgery, Seattle Science Foundation


Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Conflicts of interest: In compliance with the ICMJE uniform disclosure form, all authors declare the following: Payment/services info: All authors have declared that no financial support was received from any organization for the submitted work. Financial relationships: All authors have declared that they have no financial relationships at present or within the previous three years with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work. Other relationships: All authors have declared that there are no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.


Review article
peer-reviewed

Imaging Characteristics of Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas Involving the Vein of Galen: A Comprehensive Review


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Review article
peer-reviewed

Imaging Characteristics of Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas Involving the Vein of Galen: A Comprehensive Review

  • Author Information
    Mohammad W. Kassem

    Clinical Anatomy Research, Seattle Science Foundation

    Research Fellow, St. George's University School of Medicine, Grenada, West Indies

    Paul J. Choi Corresponding Author

    Clinical Anatomy, Seattle Science Foundation

    Joe Iwanaga

    Seattle Science Foundation

    Martin M. Mortazavi

    California Institute of Neuroscience, Los Robles Hospital and Medical Center

    R. Shane Tubbs

    Neurosurgery, Seattle Science Foundation


    Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

    Conflicts of interest: In compliance with the ICMJE uniform disclosure form, all authors declare the following: Payment/services info: All authors have declared that no financial support was received from any organization for the submitted work. Financial relationships: All authors have declared that they have no financial relationships at present or within the previous three years with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work. Other relationships: All authors have declared that there are no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.

    Acknowledgements


    Article Information

    Published: February 11, 2018

    DOI

    10.7759/cureus.2180

    Cite this article as:

    Kassem M W, Choi P J, Iwanaga J, et al. (February 11, 2018) Imaging Characteristics of Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas Involving the Vein of Galen: A Comprehensive Review. Cureus 10(2): e2180. doi:10.7759/cureus.2180

    Publication history

    Received by Cureus: February 06, 2018
    Peer review began: February 08, 2018
    Peer review concluded: February 09, 2018
    Published: February 11, 2018

    Copyright

    © Copyright 2018
    Kassem et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    License

    This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAM) is a rare angiopathy, which most commonly presents in infancy. Although very rare, it is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. In order to minimize such morbid rates, a prompt diagnosis followed by a timely initiation of management is crucial. Multiple antenatal and postnatal imaging techniques for the diagnosis have been described and discussed in the literature. However, to our knowledge, a comprehensive review exploring such a list of imaging options for VGAM has never been established. We aim to review the diagnostic tools to aid in better understanding of the investigative modalities physicians may choose from when treating patients with a VGAM.



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