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Review article
peer-reviewed

Double Burden of Malnutrition among Bangladeshi Women: A Literature Review



Abstract

A narrative review was carried out of existing literature comprising nationally representative data. We searched PubMed, Google Scholar, and Banglajol databases. Quantitative studies reporting the prevalence and risk factors of the double burden of malnutrition (DBM) among Bangladeshi women based on nationally representative data were considered for this review. We included studies published between 1st May 2007 and 30th April 2017 in English language. Two researchers individually searched and screened all the relevant articles and separately extracted data using a data extraction table created in Microsoft Excel. Another researcher cross-checked the whole process to maintain consistency. Any sort of disagreement was resolved by group consensus. Thematic analysis was performed for data analysis. According to the included studies, the prevalence of underweight and stunting dramatically reduced among Bangladeshi women in last 10 years, though, nearly one-fourth of women are underweight and one-fifth of women are stunted in Bangladesh. Additionally, nearly half of the country’s women are suffering from different micronutrient deficiencies. This immense burden of undernutrition is accompanied by the presence of overweight or obesity among nearly half of the adult women. Women’s age, area of residence, education and wealth index have a significant influence on determining their nutritional status. DBM is an inevitable reality among Bangladesh women. The adverse health consequences of women’s undernutrition and overnutrition have been well documented. As women’s nutritional status is a multifaceted issue, effective implementation of very specific and focused public health interventions with inclusive multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder approaches are indispensable to combat this problem.



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Review article
peer-reviewed

Double Burden of Malnutrition among Bangladeshi Women: A Literature Review


Author Information

Mehedi Hasan Corresponding Author

Public Health, James P. Grant School of Public Health, Brac University

Ipsita Sutradhar

James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University

ASM Shahabuddin

James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University

Malabika Sarker

James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University


Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Conflicts of interest: In compliance with the ICMJE uniform disclosure form, all authors declare the following: Payment/services info: All authors have declared that no financial support was received from any organization for the submitted work. Financial relationships: All authors have declared that they have no financial relationships at present or within the previous three years with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work. Other relationships: All authors have declared that there are no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.


Review article
peer-reviewed

Double Burden of Malnutrition among Bangladeshi Women: A Literature Review


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Review article
peer-reviewed

Double Burden of Malnutrition among Bangladeshi Women: A Literature Review

  • Author Information
    Mehedi Hasan Corresponding Author

    Public Health, James P. Grant School of Public Health, Brac University

    Ipsita Sutradhar

    James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University

    ASM Shahabuddin

    James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University

    Malabika Sarker

    James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University


    Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

    Conflicts of interest: In compliance with the ICMJE uniform disclosure form, all authors declare the following: Payment/services info: All authors have declared that no financial support was received from any organization for the submitted work. Financial relationships: All authors have declared that they have no financial relationships at present or within the previous three years with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work. Other relationships: All authors have declared that there are no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.

    Acknowledgements


    Article Information

    Published: December 26, 2017

    DOI

    10.7759/cureus.1986

    Cite this article as:

    Hasan M, Sutradhar I, Shahabuddin A, et al. (December 26, 2017) Double Burden of Malnutrition among Bangladeshi Women: A Literature Review. Cureus 9(12): e1986. doi:10.7759/cureus.1986

    Publication history

    Received by Cureus: December 12, 2017
    Peer review began: December 16, 2017
    Peer review concluded: December 20, 2017
    Published: December 26, 2017

    Copyright

    © Copyright 2017
    Hasan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    License

    This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

A narrative review was carried out of existing literature comprising nationally representative data. We searched PubMed, Google Scholar, and Banglajol databases. Quantitative studies reporting the prevalence and risk factors of the double burden of malnutrition (DBM) among Bangladeshi women based on nationally representative data were considered for this review. We included studies published between 1st May 2007 and 30th April 2017 in English language. Two researchers individually searched and screened all the relevant articles and separately extracted data using a data extraction table created in Microsoft Excel. Another researcher cross-checked the whole process to maintain consistency. Any sort of disagreement was resolved by group consensus. Thematic analysis was performed for data analysis. According to the included studies, the prevalence of underweight and stunting dramatically reduced among Bangladeshi women in last 10 years, though, nearly one-fourth of women are underweight and one-fifth of women are stunted in Bangladesh. Additionally, nearly half of the country’s women are suffering from different micronutrient deficiencies. This immense burden of undernutrition is accompanied by the presence of overweight or obesity among nearly half of the adult women. Women’s age, area of residence, education and wealth index have a significant influence on determining their nutritional status. DBM is an inevitable reality among Bangladesh women. The adverse health consequences of women’s undernutrition and overnutrition have been well documented. As women’s nutritional status is a multifaceted issue, effective implementation of very specific and focused public health interventions with inclusive multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder approaches are indispensable to combat this problem.



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Mehedi Hasan, M.P.H.

Public Health, James P. Grant School of Public Health, Brac University

For correspondence:
mehedihasan6376@gmail.com

Ipsita Sutradhar

James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University

ASM Shahabuddin

James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University

Malabika Sarker

James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University

Mehedi Hasan, M.P.H.

Public Health, James P. Grant School of Public Health, Brac University

For correspondence:
mehedihasan6376@gmail.com

Ipsita Sutradhar

James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University

ASM Shahabuddin

James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University

Malabika Sarker

James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University