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EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PHYSICAL THERAPY IN WOMEN WITH FIBROMYALGIA: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW


Abstract

Background: The fibromyalgia is a frequent problem. Its prevalence varies according to the studied population, ranging between 0.7 and 20% in clinical practice. Furthermore, it is the most common cause of generalized and chronic musculoskeletal pain.

Objectives: To revise the main scientific evidences in order to determine the effectiveness of the physical therapy in women with fibromyalgia.

Methods: A search of randomized controlled clinical trials was carried out in Pubmed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and Web of Science (WOS) using Fibromyalgia, Physiotherapy and Physical Therapy as descriptors and restricting the results to those published from 2010 to date in English or Spanish. The PEDro and Jadad scales were used to evaluate the quality of the studies.

Results: A total of 1,405 studies were found, of which 11 were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and classified into eight groups taking into account the type of procedure: multidisciplinary therapy, vibration, physical exercise, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), balneotherapy, yoga, myofascial release and belly dancing.

Conclusions: This systematic review found evidence for the effectiveness of the physical therapy in women diagnosed with fibromyalgia. It is shown that complementary therapies such as yoga or belly dancing are effective, which suggests that these should be used for the physiotherapists in women with fibromyalgia.

Poster
non-peer-reviewed

EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PHYSICAL THERAPY IN WOMEN WITH FIBROMYALGIA: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW


Author Information

Mª Magdalena Moral-Castro Corresponding Author

Health Science Department, University of Jaén

Eloísa Delgado-Delgado

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Lydia Martín-Martín

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Irene Cantarero-Villanueva

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Carolina Fernández-Lao

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Noelia Galiano-Castillo

Health Sciences, University of Jaén


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  • Author Information
    Mª Magdalena Moral-Castro

    Health Science Department, University of Jaén

    Eloísa Delgado-Delgado

    Health Science Department, University of Granada

    Lydia Martín-Martín

    Health Science Department, University of Granada

    Irene Cantarero-Villanueva

    Health Science Department, University of Granada

    Carolina Fernández-Lao

    Health Science Department, University of Granada

    Noelia Galiano-Castillo Corresponding Author

    Health Sciences, University of Jaén

    Poster Information
    Meeting

    First International Online BioMedical Conference September 09, 2015 - September 12, 2015

    Publication history

    Received by Cureus: September 05, 2015
    Published: September 09, 2015

    License

    This is an open access poster distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: The fibromyalgia is a frequent problem. Its prevalence varies according to the studied population, ranging between 0.7 and 20% in clinical practice. Furthermore, it is the most common cause of generalized and chronic musculoskeletal pain.

Objectives: To revise the main scientific evidences in order to determine the effectiveness of the physical therapy in women with fibromyalgia.

Methods: A search of randomized controlled clinical trials was carried out in Pubmed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and Web of Science (WOS) using Fibromyalgia, Physiotherapy and Physical Therapy as descriptors and restricting the results to those published from 2010 to date in English or Spanish. The PEDro and Jadad scales were used to evaluate the quality of the studies.

Results: A total of 1,405 studies were found, of which 11 were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and classified into eight groups taking into account the type of procedure: multidisciplinary therapy, vibration, physical exercise, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), balneotherapy, yoga, myofascial release and belly dancing.

Conclusions: This systematic review found evidence for the effectiveness of the physical therapy in women diagnosed with fibromyalgia. It is shown that complementary therapies such as yoga or belly dancing are effective, which suggests that these should be used for the physiotherapists in women with fibromyalgia.

Mª Magdalena Moral-Castro

Health Science Department, University of Jaén

For correspondence:
malenymc93@hotmail.com

Eloísa Delgado-Delgado

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Lydia Martín-Martín

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Irene Cantarero-Villanueva

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Carolina Fernández-Lao

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Noelia Galiano-Castillo

Health Sciences, University of Jaén

Mª Magdalena Moral-Castro

Health Science Department, University of Jaén

For correspondence:
malenymc93@hotmail.com

Eloísa Delgado-Delgado

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Lydia Martín-Martín

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Irene Cantarero-Villanueva

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Carolina Fernández-Lao

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Noelia Galiano-Castillo

Health Sciences, University of Jaén

Mª Magdalena Moral-Castro

Health Science Department, University of Jaén

For correspondence:
malenymc93@hotmail.com

Eloísa Delgado-Delgado

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Lydia Martín-Martín

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Irene Cantarero-Villanueva

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Carolina Fernández-Lao

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Noelia Galiano-Castillo

Health Sciences, University of Jaén

Converted m  magdalena moral castro