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Impact of the Level of Dependence on Functionality and Health of Institutionalized Older Adults


Abstract

Background. The population ageing can be considered both a medical success and a challenge to our society. According to the World Health Organization, people aged 60 or more will reach to 2,000 million in 2050, this is, 22% of the world population. Therefore, it is expected an increased amount of institutionalized elderly in the coming years.

Objectives: our study was aimed to assess and describe the functionality, health, and quality of life of institutionalized older adults as well as to analyze the influence of their dependence level on these variables.
Methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out. Institutionalized older adults over 60 years were included. The study variables were the level of dependence (Barthel index), the level of functionality (TUG), the state of balance and gait (Tinetti), the level of physical activity (IFIS), quality of life (SF questionnaire 36), sleep quality index (Pittsburgh) and the level of anxiety and depression (HADS).
Results. 35 older adults were included. The results showed that those who had a better dependence level also exhibited better functionality, balance and gait, level of physical activity and quality of life, and lower anxiety and depression levels.

Conclusions. Institutionalized older adults with total or severe dependence had significantly worse levels of functionality and health.

 

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Poster
non-peer-reviewed

Impact of the Level of Dependence on Functionality and Health of Institutionalized Older Adults


Author Information

Lydia Martín-Martín Corresponding Author

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Mario Lozano-Lozano

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Noelia Galiano-Castillo

Physiotherapy Department, University of Jaén

Irene Cantarero-Villanueva

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Angélica Ariza-García

Physiotherapy Department, Hospital Clínico San Cecilio, Granada

Lourdes Díaz-Rodriguez

Nursery Department, University of Granada


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  • Author Information
    Lydia Martín-Martín Corresponding Author

    Health Science Department, University of Granada

    Mario Lozano-Lozano

    Health Science Department, University of Granada

    Noelia Galiano-Castillo

    Physiotherapy Department, University of Jaén

    Irene Cantarero-Villanueva

    Health Science Department, University of Granada

    Angélica Ariza-García

    Physiotherapy Department, Hospital Clínico San Cecilio, Granada

    Lourdes Díaz-Rodriguez

    Nursery Department, University of Granada

    Poster Information
    Meeting

    First International Online BioMedical Conference September 09, 2015 - September 12, 2015

    Publication history

    Received by Cureus: September 07, 2015
    Published: September 09, 2015

    License

    This is an open access poster distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background. The population ageing can be considered both a medical success and a challenge to our society. According to the World Health Organization, people aged 60 or more will reach to 2,000 million in 2050, this is, 22% of the world population. Therefore, it is expected an increased amount of institutionalized elderly in the coming years.

Objectives: our study was aimed to assess and describe the functionality, health, and quality of life of institutionalized older adults as well as to analyze the influence of their dependence level on these variables.
Methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out. Institutionalized older adults over 60 years were included. The study variables were the level of dependence (Barthel index), the level of functionality (TUG), the state of balance and gait (Tinetti), the level of physical activity (IFIS), quality of life (SF questionnaire 36), sleep quality index (Pittsburgh) and the level of anxiety and depression (HADS).
Results. 35 older adults were included. The results showed that those who had a better dependence level also exhibited better functionality, balance and gait, level of physical activity and quality of life, and lower anxiety and depression levels.

Conclusions. Institutionalized older adults with total or severe dependence had significantly worse levels of functionality and health.

 

Lydia Martín-Martín

Health Science Department, University of Granada

For correspondence:
lydia@ugr.es

Mario Lozano-Lozano, M.Sc.

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Noelia Galiano-Castillo

Physiotherapy Department, University of Jaén

Irene Cantarero-Villanueva

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Angélica Ariza-García

Physiotherapy Department, Hospital Clínico San Cecilio, Granada

Lourdes Díaz-Rodriguez

Nursery Department, University of Granada

Lydia Martín-Martín

Health Science Department, University of Granada

For correspondence:
lydia@ugr.es

Mario Lozano-Lozano, M.Sc.

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Noelia Galiano-Castillo

Physiotherapy Department, University of Jaén

Irene Cantarero-Villanueva

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Angélica Ariza-García

Physiotherapy Department, Hospital Clínico San Cecilio, Granada

Lourdes Díaz-Rodriguez

Nursery Department, University of Granada

Lydia Martín-Martín

Health Science Department, University of Granada

For correspondence:
lydia@ugr.es

Mario Lozano-Lozano, M.Sc.

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Noelia Galiano-Castillo

Physiotherapy Department, University of Jaén

Irene Cantarero-Villanueva

Health Science Department, University of Granada

Angélica Ariza-García

Physiotherapy Department, Hospital Clínico San Cecilio, Granada

Lourdes Díaz-Rodriguez

Nursery Department, University of Granada

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