Expression of Fascin-1 on human lung cancer and paracarcinoma tissue and its relation to clinicopathological characteristics in patients with lung cancer
BackgroundLung cancer poses a severe threat to human life. Biomarkers of cancers are helpful in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with cancers. Biomarkers of lung cancers are rare, and thus deserve further research.ObjectiveThe objective of the present study was to explore the expression of Fascin-1 in human lung cancer and paracarcinoma tissue, its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics in patients with lung cancer, and study the possible relationship between Fascin-1 expression and clinical–biological behavior of lung cancer.MethodThis study used the MaxVision two-step immunohistochemical detection method to detect Fascin-1 expression in 84 of lung cancer and paracarcinoma tissues. This study set the expression of Fascin-1 in vascular endothelial cells as the positive control, and used phosphate buffered saline (replacing the primary antibodies) as negative control.ResultOf all the 84 lung cancer tissues and paracarcinoma tissues, positive expression of the Fascin-1 protein were detected in 78 cases (92.9%) and 27 cases (32.1%), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Differences in Fascin-1 expression between different age groups, clinical stages, and lymph node metastases were statistically significant (P<0.05), while differences in Fascin-1 expression between sexes, tumor stages, and pathological types demonstrated no statistical significance (P>0.05). The survival times of the patients with different Fascin-1 protein-positive expressions in lung cancer tissues were statistically significant (P>0.05), while the survival times of the patients with different Fascin-1 protein-positive expressions in paracarcinoma tissues were not statistically significant (P>0.05).ConclusionIn lung cancer, Fascin-1 expression was closely related to tumor invasion and metastasis, and the difference in expression of Fascin-1 had a significant effect on the survival time of the lung cancer patients. Therefore, Fascin-1 might be expected to serve as a possible potential biomarker of lung cancer.