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Research Article

High Cecal Intubation Rates With a New Computer-Assisted Colonoscope: A Feasibility Study



Abstract

OBJECTIVES:The acceptability of colonoscopy as a screening test is limited by several factors including patient discomfort. A new self-propelled colonoscope, the Invendo SC20 (Invendo Medical GmbH), may be helpful in reducing sedation. It consists of a sheathed endoscope contained within an “inverted sleeve,” and having an instrument channel and an electrohydraulic bendable tip; it is steered using a handheld device and propelled by a motorized drive unit. This study assessed the safety and efficacy of this new endoscope in volunteers undergoing colorectal cancer (CRC) screening.METHODS:Paid healthy volunteers aged 50–70 years and eligible for screening colonoscopy were included. Total colonoscopy using carbon dioxide insufflation or water instillation on demand was attempted, with all procedures being started without sedation. The main outcome parameters were safety and the cecal intubation rate.RESULTS:A total of 61 volunteers participated (34 men and 27 women; mean age 57.5 years). The cecum was reached in 60 volunteers (cecal intubation rate of 98.4%). The median time to reach the cecum was 15 min (range 7–53.5). Sedation was given in three individuals (4.9%). On withdrawal (median time 15 min), the material for histological evaluation was obtained from 33 polyps (mean size 4.8 mm) in 23 people by biopsy forceps or snare. No device-related complications were encountered.CONCLUSIONS:A new computer-assisted colonoscope, controlled using a handheld device, showed excellent cecal intubation rates during screening examinations, with sedation required in only ∼5% of screenees. Further clinical and comparative studies are warranted.


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