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Margaret Mead
Case Report

Surgical treatment of valvular and supravalvular aortic stenosis in homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia


A 61-year-old male with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia presented with dyspnea and syncope. He had been treated with low-density lipoprotein apheresis for 26 years. Echocardiography and computed tomography showed severe valvular and supravalvular aortic stenosis. Computed tomography and cardiac catheterization revealed a severely calcified narrowed aortic root and an occlusion in the proximal right coronary artery. During surgery, the ascending aorta was replaced under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest without aortic cross-clamping. After that, the aortic root from the annulus to the sino-tubular junction was enlarged with a two-ply bovine pericardial patch. An aortic valve replacement with a 17 mm mechanical valve and coronary artery bypass grafting to the right coronary artery were performed. The patient recovered from the surgery without any cerebrovascular complications.