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Review article
peer-reviewed

Health Care Disparities Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth: A Literature Review



Abstract

About 3.5% Americans identify themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual while 0.3% identify themselves as transgender. The LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community belongs to almost every race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic group. The LGBT youth are at a higher risk for substance use, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), cancers, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, bullying, isolation, rejection, anxiety, depression, and suicide as compared to the general population. LGBT youth receive poor quality of care due to stigma, lack of healthcare providers’ awareness, and insensitivity to the unique needs of this community. The main objective of this literature review is to highlight the challenges faced by the LGBT youth and to enhance the awareness among physicians about the existing disparities in order to provide a more comprehensive, evidence-based, and humane medical care to this community.



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Review article
peer-reviewed

Health Care Disparities Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth: A Literature Review


Author Information

Hudaisa Hafeez

Clinical Observer, St. Michael's Hospital

Muhammad Zeshan

Department of Psychiatry, Bronx Lebanon Hospital Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Bronx, NY

Muhammad A. Tahir

Psychiatry, Suny Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY

Nusrat Jahan

Psychiatry, Mount Sinai Chicago

Sadiq Naveed Corresponding Author

Psychiatry, KVC Prairie Ridge Hospital


Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

Conflicts of interest: The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

Acknowledgements

We will like to acknowledge K. Shashok (AuthorAID in the Eastern Mediterranean) for improving the use of English in the manuscript.


Review article
peer-reviewed

Health Care Disparities Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth: A Literature Review


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Review article
peer-reviewed

Health Care Disparities Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth: A Literature Review

  • Author Information
    Hudaisa Hafeez

    Clinical Observer, St. Michael's Hospital

    Muhammad Zeshan

    Department of Psychiatry, Bronx Lebanon Hospital Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Bronx, NY

    Muhammad A. Tahir

    Psychiatry, Suny Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY

    Nusrat Jahan

    Psychiatry, Mount Sinai Chicago

    Sadiq Naveed Corresponding Author

    Psychiatry, KVC Prairie Ridge Hospital


    Ethics Statement and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

    Conflicts of interest: The authors have declared that no conflicts of interest exist.

    Acknowledgements

    We will like to acknowledge K. Shashok (AuthorAID in the Eastern Mediterranean) for improving the use of English in the manuscript.


    Article Information

    Published: April 20, 2017

    DOI

    10.7759/cureus.1184

    Cite this article as:

    Hafeez H, Zeshan M, Tahir M A, et al. (April 20, 2017) Health Care Disparities Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth: A Literature Review. Cureus 9(4): e1184. doi:10.7759/cureus.1184

    Publication history

    Received by Cureus: March 25, 2017
    Peer review began: March 31, 2017
    Peer review concluded: April 14, 2017
    Published: April 20, 2017

    Copyright

    © Copyright 2017
    Hafeez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 3.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    License

    This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

About 3.5% Americans identify themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual while 0.3% identify themselves as transgender. The LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community belongs to almost every race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic group. The LGBT youth are at a higher risk for substance use, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), cancers, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, bullying, isolation, rejection, anxiety, depression, and suicide as compared to the general population. LGBT youth receive poor quality of care due to stigma, lack of healthcare providers’ awareness, and insensitivity to the unique needs of this community. The main objective of this literature review is to highlight the challenges faced by the LGBT youth and to enhance the awareness among physicians about the existing disparities in order to provide a more comprehensive, evidence-based, and humane medical care to this community.



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Create a free account to continue reading this article.

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Hudaisa Hafeez

Clinical Observer, St. Michael's Hospital

Muhammad Zeshan

Department of Psychiatry, Bronx Lebanon Hospital Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Bronx, NY

Muhammad A. Tahir

Psychiatry, Suny Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY

Nusrat Jahan

Psychiatry, Mount Sinai Chicago

Sadiq Naveed, Assistant Professor, M.D.

Psychiatry, KVC Prairie Ridge Hospital

For correspondence:
naveed193@gmail.com

Hudaisa Hafeez

Clinical Observer, St. Michael's Hospital

Muhammad Zeshan

Department of Psychiatry, Bronx Lebanon Hospital Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Bronx, NY

Muhammad A. Tahir

Psychiatry, Suny Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY

Nusrat Jahan

Psychiatry, Mount Sinai Chicago

Sadiq Naveed, Assistant Professor, M.D.

Psychiatry, KVC Prairie Ridge Hospital

For correspondence:
naveed193@gmail.com